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Tuesday, September 20, 2011

Understand the Teaching-Learning Process

1) There are five requirements for learning a motor skill. The requirements are prerequisites, clear idea of the task, motivational/attentional disposition to the skill, practice, and feedback. Each requirement has a meaning to the teacher.
  • In prerequisites it means that the student has already mastered a related easier skill  or ability. For the teacher, you must watch the student engage in the skill, and determine why the student can not perform a certain task. The teacher must then give a clear idea of the task. 
  • The child must have a clear idea of task they are trying to do. Most problems occur when the child has false or incomplete information of what they should be trying to do. The teacher must give good instructions. The teacher must also give good demonstrations, and be careful that information given to the child is accurate to motor programs.
  • The students must then be motivated to learn. In order for real learning to take place, the child must be actively engaged in the process. For this to happen the child must find learning meaningful in some way. The teachers role is to keep the child motivated. The teacher must be able to make the child do a skill, and then demonstrate it in a different situation. This might mean put a action into a game play setting. 
  • The students will now need to practice the skill. The reason they need to practice the skill is because, motor skill are easily adapted through your movements in different situations. Practice is important to developing and refining the motor skills. The teacher must make sure that each student practices each skill, so it leads to a consistency of performance. 
  • The last requirement is feedback. The child should receive some form of feedback on their performance. While the child itself can see the feedback of the action, by seeing if the basketball went in the hoop or not. It is important as the teacher to maintain motivation, and reinforce the task focus for feedback. 
2)  Open skills are skills that can change based on events in the environment.  This mean that a lay up in basketball is never happening from the same spot, and number of defenders. So it is important to teach open skills in different situations, that make the child do the same skill, but just in a different situation. Closed skills happens when the environment remains mostly the same. This could be a free throw in basketball. This should be taught by having a child do a free throw over and over again from the same spot. This spot is never going to change no matter to what court you go to. Discrete skills have a clear beginning and end. This might include a long jumper. They have a clear start when they start running, and a ending with jumping in the sand. When teaching discrete skills, make sure that the child knows when to start, and when to end. Serial skills are discrete skills put together in a series. This could be a person doing the pole vault. To teach serial skills, you need to be able to help the child put all the actions and skills together. This means start running, stick the pole in the ground, lift yourself up over the bar, and be able to land.

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